The placenta as a source of stem cells
The placenta is a unique organ that forms in women during pregnancy. It fits snugly against the walls of the uterus and its main function is to ensure metabolism between the mother and the embryo through the umbilical cord. After birth, the placenta is rejected and exits the body.
Do you know that in the west, the rejected placenta is considered an important organ?
After giving birth, doctors ask their mothers for permission to donate their placenta for further use in medicine. This is because the placenta has two main components — umbilical cord blood and amniotic membrane.
✔ Cord blood contains the largest number of stem cells, in addition to those that are already in the human body from the moment of conception.
✔ The significance of these cells is that they can differentiate into almost all types of cells in the body, and then self-reproduces. Therefore, they are considered one of the main components in the treatment of diseases such as leukemia, lymphoma and other hereditary diseases.
✔ The amniotic membrane is considered a universal tissue in the human body, since its main function during pregnancy is to protect the fetus from any damage and its acceptance by the mother’s immune system. ✔ The membrane is widely used as a transplant in the treatment of damaged tissues or intractable wounds.